Supreme Court hears arguments on abortion law by state governments

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The Supreme Court in the United States on Monday morning hears oral arguments on Texas Abortion Law which is said to contradict federal law.

Many women in the US  demand the right to determine whether to retain pregnancy or have abortion. The women, apparently, demand the right to abortion.

The arguments are whether abortion providers and the Biden administration are entitled to challenge the Texas Abortion Law in the federal court. Officials in Texas argue that the structure of the law, known as Senate Bill 8, prohibits the law being challenged at the federal court.

Meanwhile, the US Supreme Court is currently entertaining two challenges to the Texas restrictive Abortion Law, which restraints certain abortions in the state after about six weeks of pregnancy. The law prohibits women from abortion after six months of pregnancy when the fetus had developed to a stage.

The arguments in two challenges are being brought by abortion providers in Texas and the Justice Department in the US.

The Texas Abortion Law was said to conflicts with previous judgements of the US Supreme Court on abortion.

The contention is that the Texas Abortion law conflicts with major Supreme Court precedents on abortion rights, which prohibits states from banning abortion before a fetus is viable, implying capable of surviving outside the womb. The time frame for such viability is widely considered to be about 23 weeks; but the Texas novel law bars abortion after about six weeks.

The Supreme Court had in December handled arguments in a case challenging a Mississippi law that bans most abortions after 15 weeks. It was noted that the Texas law which bans most abortions after six weeks is incompatible with the existing constitutional judgements in the US.

It was gathered that Justice Samuel Alito argued whether people can file lawsuits against abortion providers/aiders and abetters even when the plaintiffs have not personally suffered any harm.

Justice Sonia Sotomayor intervened, challenging   Justice Hearron to mention the harm the law causes.

“The Texas law” it was said, “is hard to challenge because it was written in a novel way: It effectively deputizes private citizens to enforce it and bans the state government from doing so.”

The law empowers private citizens to file lawsuits against both abortion providers and anyone who “aids and abets” abortions, which could include clinic staff members or even people who drive women to clinics.

It was highlighted that if such a lawsuit succeeds, the plaintiff can win a $10,000 judgment plus legal fees, and the judge can impose an injunction barring the defendant from performing or aiding any additional abortions. If the lawsuit fails, the plaintiff does not have to pay the legal costs of the defendant.